Using gene map science to evaluate the genetic map and eliminate disease

Benefits of Genetic Mapping

The techniques developed for genetic mapping have had great impact on the life sciences, and particularly in medicine. But genetic mapping technologies also have useful applications in other fields. Commercialization of the fruits of genomics research promises immense opportunities for industry. A round-up of genetic mapping applications would include (but not be limited to) the areas below.

Medicine

Scientists have become more proficient in genetic sequencing - the detailed genetic maps that help locate the risk genes for a host of genetic diseases. The ability to investigate the root cause of diseases may one day allow medical researchers to develop strategies to avoid the environmental conditions that serve as triggers to disease, formulate customized drugs, and techniques for gene therapy.



Agricultural Applications

Knowledge of the genetic maps of plants and animals leads to the development of agricultural crops and animal breeds that are more nutritious, productive and can better resist diseases, insects and drought. Researchers can breed special plants that help clean up wastes that are difficult to break down.

Energy and the Environment

Genetic maps of microbes enable researchers to harness the power of bacteria for producing energy from bio-fuels, reducing toxic waste, and developing environment-friendly products and industrial processes.

Forensics

You are already familiar with the use of genetic mapping in crime investigations, paternity tests, and identification. The technique can also be used in organ transplants to achieve better matches between recipients and donors, thus minimizing the risks of complications and maximizing the use of donated healthy organs, a scarce resource. For more delectable applications, genetic mapping can authenticate the origins of consumer goods like caviar, fruits, and wine or the pedigree of livestock and animal breeds.

 

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Genetic Diseases

When medical researchers want to investigate serious genetic diseases, they have to find ways to locate the corresponding risk genes. There are relatively few of these risk genes out of the 100,000 genes in the human cell, so it obviously is not an easy task...
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23andme

Genetic map companies like 23andme and DNA Consultants now offer complete readings of your DNA. Purchasing your own genetic map has become a popular way to find out what diseases you are prone to, what skills you're best suited for, and even your ethnic ancestry.

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