Using gene map science to evaluate the genetic map and eliminate disease

Benefits of Genetic Mapping

The techniques developed for genetic mapping have had great impact on the life sciences, and particularly in medicine. But genetic mapping technologies also have useful applications in other fields. Commercialization of the fruits of genomics research promises immense opportunities for industry. A round-up of genetic mapping applications would include (but not be limited to) the areas below.


Scientists have become more proficient in genetic sequencing - the detailed genetic maps that help locate the risk genes for a host of genetic diseases. The ability to investigate the root cause of diseases may one day allow medical researchers to develop strategies to avoid the environmental conditions that serve as triggers to disease, formulate customized drugs, and techniques for gene therapy.

Agricultural Applications

Knowledge of the genetic maps of plants and animals leads to the development of agricultural crops and animal breeds that are more nutritious, productive and can better resist diseases, insects and drought. Researchers can breed special plants that help clean up wastes that are difficult to break down.

Energy and the Environment

Genetic maps of microbes enable researchers to harness the power of bacteria for producing energy from bio-fuels, reducing toxic waste, and developing environment-friendly products and industrial processes.


You are already familiar with the use of genetic mapping in crime investigations, paternity tests, and identification. The technique can also be used in organ transplants to achieve better matches between recipients and donors, thus minimizing the risks of complications and maximizing the use of donated healthy organs, a scarce resource. For more delectable applications, genetic mapping can authenticate the origins of consumer goods like caviar, fruits, and wine or the pedigree of livestock and animal breeds.



Genetic Ethics

The advances in genetic mapping have made very real what seemed so improbable twenty years ago. ... Genetic mapping is a powerful tool ... but it is also vulnerable to abuse. Many ethical, legal and societal issues are beginning to emerge...
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All of the genes carried by a single gamete; the DNA content of an individual, which includes all 44 autosomes, 2 sex chromosomes, and the mitochondrial DNA.